Endocrine

Endocrine

What you need to know about Cushing’s syndrome

Cushing’s syndrome is a rare condition caused by a chronic excess of glucocorticoids. The disorder can be in the anterior pituitary gland or the adrenal cortex, or it may result from excess medication. It has a 5-year mortality of about 50% if it is not treated. Diagnosing excess cortisol is complicated by the circadian variation […]

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Endocrine

Anatomy of thyroid gland

The thyroid gland is butterfly-shaped and located inferior to the larynx and cricoids cartilage. It has two pyramidal shaped lateral lobes, approximately 5 cm in long, joined by the narrower isthmus anterior to the trachea. It is usually located over the second and third tracheal cartilages. The thyroid is attached to the trachea by the pretracheal […]

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Endocrine

Organization of endocrine system

The hypothalamus is an essential part of the endocrine system. It provides a link between the brain (central nervous system) and the rest of the body, allowing the brain to regulate body systems using hormones. The use of hormones to control peripheral organs and tissues allows a much wider range of effects compared to the […]

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Endocrine

Hormone and endocrine secretion

The body requires a constant environment for cellular activities to take place. This is achieved by homeostasis, which is the process by which internal systems of the body are maintained within optimum parameters despite variations in external conditions. Homeostasis in the human body is controlled by the endocrine system, which uses chemical messengers called hormones […]

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